Franz Kafka segundo Zadie Smith

Quando entrevistei Zadie Smith em Junho, num hotel de Lisboa, ela apareceu cheia de sono, desculpando-se com o cansaço acumulado e uma noite mal dormida. “Estive até muito tarde a trabalhar num ensaio, um texto longo que vou enviar em breve para um jornal inglês”, disse-me então. Suspeito que o ensaio fosse este, publicado há uns dias pelo Daily Telegraph. Eis um excerto, no qual Zadie põe em causa a forma como Max Brod quis condicionar a nossa leitura de Kafka:

«If few readers of Kafka can be truly sorry for the existence of the works Kafka had consigned to oblivion, many regret the manner in which Brod chose to present them. The problem is not solely Brod’s flat-footed interpretations, it’s his interventions in the texts themselves. For when it came to editing the novels, Brod’s sympathy for the theological would seem to have guided his hand.
Kafka’s system of ordering chapters was often unclear, occasionally non-existent; it was Brod who collated The Trial in the form with which we are familiar. If it feels like a journey towards an absent God – so the argument goes – that’s because Brod placed the God-shaped hole at the end. The penultimate chapter, containing the pseudo-haggadic parable “Before the Law”, might have gone anywhere, and placing it anywhere else skews the trajectory of ascension; no longer a journey towards the supreme incomprehensibility, but a journey without destination, into which a mystery is thrust and then succeeded by the quotidian once more.
Of course, there’s also the possibility that Kafka would have placed this chapter near the end, exactly as Brod did, but lovers of Kafka are not inclined to credit him with Brod’s variety of common sense. The whole point of Kafka is his uncommonness. Whatever Brod explains, we feel sure Kafka would leave unexplained, whichever conventional interpretation he foists on the works, the works themselves repel. We think of Shakespeare this way, too: a writer sullied by our attempts to define him. In this sense the idea of a literary genius is a gift we give ourselves, a space so wide we can play in it forever.»


One Response to “Franz Kafka segundo Zadie Smith”

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«Tenho a suspeita de que a espécie humana - a única - está prestes a extinguir-se e que a Biblioteca perdurará: iluminada, solitária, infinita, perfeitamente imóvel, armada de volumes preciosos, inútil, incorruptível, secreta» Jorge Luis Borges